Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomonas vaginalis Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment

Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan with flagella that can survive in an anaerobic (oxygen-free) environment. It is the most common pathogenic protozoan infection in humans in developed countries, and infection rates are the same in…

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renal function

Renal Function Test Panel and Markers

At least 8 million Americans are affected by kidney disease. Kidney failure kills more people per year than colon cancer, breast cancer, or prostate cancer combined. Chronic kidney disease or kidney failure raises a patient’s…

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Uric acid measurement

Uric Acid (Uricase Method) and Clinical Significance

The final breakdown product of purine nucleoside metabolism is uric acid. Gout, increased catabolism of nucleic acids, and renal disease are three main disease states associated with elevated plasma uric acid. Chemotherapy causes renal damage…

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Foley cartheter for urine collection

6 Common Methods of Urine Specimen Collection

Urine specimen collection methods ranges from non-invasive to invasive. The required selection method is determined by the purpose of the test and the clinical situation. Common Methods of Urine Specimen Collection 1.     Routine Void Urine…

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Type of urine specimens

Five Most Common Types of Urine Specimens

The type of urine specimen collected and the method of collection are determined by the test requested. The following are the five most common forms of urine specimens. Some body fluids can also be tested…

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urine specimen

3 Reasons For Obtaining Urine Specimens

Urine is produced by the filtration of blood by the kidney’s nephrons. Blood reaches the kidney via the renal artery and travels to the glomerulus via small capillaries. Solute and water are filtered through the…

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glucose metabolism pathway


Blood glucose determination is one of the most common tests conducted in the clinical chemistry laboratory. Glucose is a monosaccharide formed from the degradation of carbohydrates in the diet. Carbohydrate absorption occurs in the small…

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Balantidium coli labweeks

Balantidium coli : Transmission, Treatment and Prevention

Balantidium coli is thought to be the only pathogenic ciliate present in humans, as well as the largest protozoan parasite found in humans. This organism belongs to the class of ciliated protozoa, which can be…

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Immunology is characterized as the analysis of the immune system (the molecules, cells, organs, and systems) which is responsible for the following: Recognizing and disposing of non-self-substances Responding to and interacting with body components and…

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tumor marker

Types of Tumor Markers and Their Uses

A basic tenet of tumor immunology is that when a normal cell transforms into a malignant cell, it produces specific antigens not found in mature normal cells. A tumor marker, such as a hormone or…

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