Trichuris trichiura : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Trichuris trichiura commonly known as whipworm causing trichuriasis or whipworm infectionis the third most common helminth, and it is found primarily in warm climates where poor sanitation practices, such as defecating directly into the soil…

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Ascaris lumbricoides

Ascaris lumbricoides : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Ascariasis lumbricoides commonly known as the large intestinal roundworm, roundworm of man causing ascariasis or roundworm infection is the world’s most common intestinal helminth infection, affecting approximately 1 billion people. It is the second most…

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KOH-Calcofluor White Stain : Principle,Procedure & Results

Koh-Calcofluor White Stain is used to detect the presence of Acanthamoeba fungal elements and cysts in clinical specimens. Principle of Koh-Calcofluor White Stain The alkali potassium hydroxide (10 percent KOH) aids in the digestion of…

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Poxviruses : Background, Pathophysiology & Epidemiology

Poxviruses are the largest and most complex viruses found in humans, birds, animals, and insects. These viruses, which are members of the Poxviridae family, comprise a large group of DNA viruses that are morphologically similar…

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stool specimen analysis

Comprehensive guide to Stool specimen Analysis

In the minds of the majority of laboratory personnel, stool specimens analysis is a “necessary evil.” Feces, on the other hand, as a byproduct of body metabolism, can provide useful diagnostic information. Routine stool examination…

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Staphylococcus: General Characteristics & Laboratory Diagnosis

Gram-positive cocci (staphylococcus) are frequently isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories. Although the majority of gram-positive cocci are members of the indigenous microbiota, some species are pathogens. In this article, we’re going to discuss the most…

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Naegleria fowleri : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Naegleria fowleri colloquially known as a “brain-eating amoeba” is most commonly found in warm bodies of water, such as lakes, streams, ponds, and swimming pools. The prevalence is highest during the summer months. In addition…

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Vaginal Discharge: What’s Abnormal? ,Specimen Collection & Diagnosis

In the clinical laboratory, Vaginal discharge are examined to diagnose infections and pregnancy complications, as well as for forensic testing (Semen) in sexual assault patients. Vaginitis is one of the most common conditions diagnosed by…

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Entamoeba histolytica : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Entamoeba histolytica infection affects up to 10% of the world’s population and is the third leading cause of parasitic deaths, trailing only malaria, the clinical manifestation of Plasmodium species parasite infection, and schistosomiasis, the umbrella…

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Trichomoniasis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

T. vaginalis, a parasitic protozoon, causes trichomoniasis. The infection is spread through sexual contact and causes vaginitis in women and, in some cases, urethritis in men. The majority of men are asymptomatic carriers. The infection…

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