Papovaviruses : Human Papillomaviruses & Polyomavirus

The Papovaviridae family is made up of papovaviruses, which are viruses with small, enveloped, icosahedral capsids and double-stranded, circular DNA. The term papova comes from the first two letters of the virus names (pa, papillomaviruses;…

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Poxviruses : Background, Pathophysiology & Epidemiology

Poxviruses are the largest and most complex viruses found in humans, birds, animals, and insects. These viruses, which are members of the Poxviridae family, comprise a large group of DNA viruses that are morphologically similar…

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Coronaviruses : Genome, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Although human coronaviruses (CoV) have been recognized as human pathogens since the 1960s, their virus family gained notoriety in 2002 and 2003 with the first outbreak of the SARS coronavirus epidemic and the recent emergence…

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isolation of a virus

Methods of Isolation, Culture, and Identification of Viruses

Viral diseases are diagnosed by demonstrating virus in appropriate clinical specimens via culture. The isolation of a virus is always regarded as the gold standard for determining the viral etiology of a disease. The collection…

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