Brugia malayi : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Brugia malayi , also known as Malayan filaria, can be found in mosquito breeding areas around the world, where it can cause Malayan filariasis or elephantiasis. Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Vietnam, Thailand, and…

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Dracunculus medinensis : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Diseases caused by Guinea worm Dracunculosis, also known as guinea worm infection, is found in Africa, India, Asia, Pakistan, and the Middle East. Copepods live in fresh water, particularly in areas known as step wells,…

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Trichinella spiralis : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Trichinella spiralis commonly known as Trichina worm causing Trichinosis, trichinellosis is found worldwide, with the exception of the tropics, where it is only rarely reported, and is most common in meat-eating people. This organism has…

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Hookworms : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Hookworm refers to two different organisms: Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale. There are two major distinctions between the two organisms. First, the geographic distribution of each organism varies slightly. Second, and more importantly for identification,…

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Trichuris trichiura : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Trichuris trichiura commonly known as whipworm causing trichuriasis or whipworm infectionis the third most common helminth, and it is found primarily in warm climates where poor sanitation practices, such as defecating directly into the soil…

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Ascaris lumbricoides

Ascaris lumbricoides : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Ascariasis lumbricoides commonly known as the large intestinal roundworm, roundworm of man causing ascariasis or roundworm infection is the world’s most common intestinal helminth infection, affecting approximately 1 billion people. It is the second most…

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Naegleria fowleri : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Naegleria fowleri colloquially known as a “brain-eating amoeba” is most commonly found in warm bodies of water, such as lakes, streams, ponds, and swimming pools. The prevalence is highest during the summer months. In addition…

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Entamoeba histolytica : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Entamoeba histolytica infection affects up to 10% of the world’s population and is the third leading cause of parasitic deaths, trailing only malaria, the clinical manifestation of Plasmodium species parasite infection, and schistosomiasis, the umbrella…

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Trichomoniasis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

T. vaginalis, a parasitic protozoon, causes trichomoniasis. The infection is spread through sexual contact and causes vaginitis in women and, in some cases, urethritis in men. The majority of men are asymptomatic carriers. The infection…

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Enterobius vermicularis

Enterobius vermicularis : Morphology, Diagnosis & Treatment

Common names: Pinworm, seatworm. Common associated disease and condition names: Enterobiasis, pinworm infection. Scientific name : Enterobius vermicularis Enterobius vermicularis can be found all over the world, but it is most common in temperate climates….

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