Candida albicans : Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Candida species are group of opportunistic fungi and the most common fungi pathogens that affect human. Candida species takes advantage of the host’s debilitated conditions to gain access to the circulation and deep tissues.  …

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Thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose agar : Principle , Composition & Cultural characteristics

Kobayashi et al.  created TCBS Agar by modifying Nakanishi’s selective medium. Although this medium was designed to isolate V.cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus, most Vibrio’s grow to healthy large colonies with a variety of colonial morphologies….

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mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae : Epidemiology , Pathogenesis , Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most common cause of upper respiratory tract disease. It has also been linked to walking pneumonia and primary atypical pneumonia. Epidemiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae M. pneumoniae infection is found all over…

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List of infections caused by Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma species

Mycoplasma is a member of the Mollicutes class (mollis, soft; cutis, skin) and the Mycoplasmatales order. This order is divided into four families: Mycoplasmataceae Acholeplasmataceae Spiroplasmataceae Anaplasmataceae. The majority of mycoplasmas that cause human infections…

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Alkaline Peptone Water : Principle, Composition and Cultural …

Clinical materials containing a small number of Vibrio should be inoculated into an enrichment medium before plating onto a selective medium, such as TCBS Agar. Alkaline Peptone Water is an excellent enrichment broth for Vibrio…

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Brugia malayi : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Brugia malayi , also known as Malayan filaria, can be found in mosquito breeding areas around the world, where it can cause Malayan filariasis or elephantiasis. Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Vietnam, Thailand, and…

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Dracunculus medinensis : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Diseases caused by Guinea worm Dracunculosis, also known as guinea worm infection, is found in Africa, India, Asia, Pakistan, and the Middle East. Copepods live in fresh water, particularly in areas known as step wells,…

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Trichinella spiralis : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Trichinella spiralis commonly known as Trichina worm causing Trichinosis, trichinellosis is found worldwide, with the exception of the tropics, where it is only rarely reported, and is most common in meat-eating people. This organism has…

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Hookworms : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Hookworm refers to two different organisms: Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale. There are two major distinctions between the two organisms. First, the geographic distribution of each organism varies slightly. Second, and more importantly for identification,…

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Papovaviruses : Human Papillomaviruses & Polyomavirus

The Papovaviridae family is made up of papovaviruses, which are viruses with small, enveloped, icosahedral capsids and double-stranded, circular DNA. The term papova comes from the first two letters of the virus names (pa, papillomaviruses;…

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