Immunology is characterized as the analysis of the immune system (the molecules, cells, organs, and systems) which is responsible for the following: Recognizing and disposing of non-self-substances Responding to and interacting with body components and…

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tumor marker

Types of Tumor Markers and Their Uses

A basic tenet of tumor immunology is that when a normal cell transforms into a malignant cell, it produces specific antigens not found in mature normal cells. A tumor marker, such as a hormone or…

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macrocytic anaemia

Macrocytic anaemia : Causes , Diagnosis and Treatment

Macrocytic anaemia (Macrocytosis) is described as an increase in the mean cell volume of red cells above the normal range (80-95 fl (femtolitres) in adults). It is detected with a blood count, which measures the…

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Strongyloides stercoralis : Diagnostic, Prevention and Treatment

Strongyloides stercoralis : Diagnostic and Treatment

Strongyloides stercolaris, also known as threadworm, and the disease it causes, Strongyloidiasis, are primarily found in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Strongyloides stercolaris lavae was discovered by Louis Alexis Normand (1876) after observing the minute…

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Ideal fixatives labweeks

7 Properties of an Ideal Fixative In Histopathology

Any histological or cytological laboratory technique begins with fixation. Fixation is a method of preserving the chemical and physical condition of the cells in the tissue, as well as preventing all biochemical and proteolytic activities…

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stool specimen

Macroscopic examination of stool specimen

Once a stool specimen is received in the medical laboratory, the analytic phase of laboratory testing is initiated which is refers to as processing. The stool specimen is examined from two perspectives that is, Macroscopic…

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Medical Laboratories Departments and Overview

Clinical or Medical laboratory are made up of different departments. These departments are sometimes referred to as benches. The number of departments usually varies based on the standard of the medical facility, countries and many…

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Crp test

C- Reactive Protein test : Principle and Procedure

C – reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein of human serum which is synthesized by liver (hepatocytes). It is normally present only in trace amounts in serum. The level of CRP can rapidly…

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