Poliovirus : Structure , Pathogenesis and Treatment

Poliovirus are from the family Picornavirus and the Enterovirus genus. Poliomyelitis is caused by one of the three types of polioviruses. It is an acute infectious diseases with or without signs of CNS involvement. It…

12 Likes Comment

Enterovirus : Structure, Types and Clinical syndromes

The genus of Enterovirus belongs to the family of Picornavirus. Enteron means small intestine and is the main replication site for most enteroviruses while PicoRNAvirus are RNA viruses. Therefore, enteroviruses are RNA viruses and Picornaviruses…

15 Likes Comment

Fasciolopsis buski : Epidemiology, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Fasciolopsis buski commonly called large or giant intestinal fluke causing Fasciolopsiasis. It was first describe by Buski in 1843 in the duodenum of an East Indian sailor. It is found worldwide but limited to particularly…

13 Likes Comment

Candida albicans : Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Candida species are group of opportunistic fungi and the most common fungi pathogens that affect human. Candida species takes advantage of the host’s debilitated conditions to gain access to the circulation and deep tissues.  …

89 Likes Comment

Body fluid compartments : Extracellular and Intracellular Fluid

The care of any seriously ill patient’s fluid and electrolyte balance is crucial. The most common biochemical profile is the measurement of serum sodium, potassium, urea, and creatinine, often with bicarbonate, and it provides a…

84 Likes Comment

Blood cells and their function

Hematology is a branch of medicine that deals with blood, blood forming organs and diseases of the blood. The process of formation of blood cells is known as haemopoiesis.  All blood cells are derived from…

87 Likes Comment

Thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose agar : Principle , Composition & Cultural characteristics

Kobayashi et al.  created TCBS Agar by modifying Nakanishi’s selective medium. Although this medium was designed to isolate V.cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus, most Vibrio’s grow to healthy large colonies with a variety of colonial morphologies….

102 Likes Comment

Fixation : Aims and effects of fixation

With a few exceptions (such as enzyme activity in tissue cultures, frozen or frozen-dried preparations), histochemical investigations on living cells are not performed because it is difficult to maintain the tissue and/or cell integrity under…

92 Likes Comment

Mycoplasma System Plus : Principle , Test procedure and Interpretation of the results

Mycoplasma System Plus is a 24-well system that contains desiccated biochemical and antibiotic substrates for the detection, semiquantitative determination, and susceptibility testing of urogenital mycoplasmas such as Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. The system is…

89 Likes Comment
mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae : Epidemiology , Pathogenesis , Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most common cause of upper respiratory tract disease. It has also been linked to walking pneumonia and primary atypical pneumonia. Epidemiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae M. pneumoniae infection is found all over…

91 Likes Comment