Poxviruses : Background, Pathophysiology & Epidemiology

Poxviruses are the largest and most complex viruses found in humans, birds, animals, and insects. These viruses, which are members of the Poxviridae family, comprise a large group of DNA viruses that are morphologically similar…

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stool specimen analysis

Comprehensive guide to Stool specimen Analysis

In the minds of the majority of laboratory personnel, stool specimens analysis is a “necessary evil.” Feces, on the other hand, as a byproduct of body metabolism, can provide useful diagnostic information. Routine stool examination…

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Staphylococcus: General Characteristics & Laboratory Diagnosis

Gram-positive cocci (staphylococcus) are frequently isolated in clinical microbiology laboratories. Although the majority of gram-positive cocci are members of the indigenous microbiota, some species are pathogens. In this article, we’re going to discuss the most…

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Naegleria fowleri : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Naegleria fowleri colloquially known as a “brain-eating amoeba” is most commonly found in warm bodies of water, such as lakes, streams, ponds, and swimming pools. The prevalence is highest during the summer months. In addition…

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Vaginal Discharge: What’s Abnormal? ,Specimen Collection & Diagnosis

In the clinical laboratory, Vaginal discharge are examined to diagnose infections and pregnancy complications, as well as for forensic testing (Semen) in sexual assault patients. Vaginitis is one of the most common conditions diagnosed by…

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Entamoeba histolytica : Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Entamoeba histolytica infection affects up to 10% of the world’s population and is the third leading cause of parasitic deaths, trailing only malaria, the clinical manifestation of Plasmodium species parasite infection, and schistosomiasis, the umbrella…

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Trichomoniasis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

T. vaginalis, a parasitic protozoon, causes trichomoniasis. The infection is spread through sexual contact and causes vaginitis in women and, in some cases, urethritis in men. The majority of men are asymptomatic carriers. The infection…

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Bacterial vaginosis: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginitis, affecting 40% to 50% of women of reproductive age. Bacterial vaginosis causes When there is an imbalance in the ratio of normal vaginal bacterial flora,…

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Semen Analysis : Purpose, Procedure, & Results

Advances in andrology and assisted reproductive technology (ART), as well as increased concern about fertility, particularly among couples choosing to have children later in life, have led to a greater emphasis on semen analysis. Patients…

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Enterobius vermicularis

Enterobius vermicularis : Morphology, Diagnosis & Treatment

Common names: Pinworm, seatworm. Common associated disease and condition names: Enterobiasis, pinworm infection. Scientific name : Enterobius vermicularis Enterobius vermicularis can be found all over the world, but it is most common in temperate climates….

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