Candida albicans : Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Laboratory Diagnosis & Treatment

Candida species are group of opportunistic fungi and the most common fungi pathogens that affect human. Candida species takes advantage of the host’s debilitated conditions to gain access to the circulation and deep tissues.  …

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Body fluid compartments : Extracellular and Intracellular Fluid

The care of any seriously ill patient’s fluid and electrolyte balance is crucial. The most common biochemical profile is the measurement of serum sodium, potassium, urea, and creatinine, often with bicarbonate, and it provides a…

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Blood cells and their function

Hematology is a branch of medicine that deals with blood, blood forming organs and diseases of the blood. The process of formation of blood cells is known as haemopoiesis.  All blood cells are derived from…

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Thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose agar : Principle , Composition & Cultural characteristics

Kobayashi et al.  created TCBS Agar by modifying Nakanishi’s selective medium. Although this medium was designed to isolate V.cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus, most Vibrio’s grow to healthy large colonies with a variety of colonial morphologies….

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Fixation : Aims and effects of fixation

With a few exceptions (such as enzyme activity in tissue cultures, frozen or frozen-dried preparations), histochemical investigations on living cells are not performed because it is difficult to maintain the tissue and/or cell integrity under…

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Mycoplasma System Plus : Principle , Test procedure and Interpretation of the results

Mycoplasma System Plus is a 24-well system that contains desiccated biochemical and antibiotic substrates for the detection, semiquantitative determination, and susceptibility testing of urogenital mycoplasmas such as Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. The system is…

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mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma pneumoniae : Epidemiology , Pathogenesis , Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is the most common cause of upper respiratory tract disease. It has also been linked to walking pneumonia and primary atypical pneumonia. Epidemiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae M. pneumoniae infection is found all over…

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List of infections caused by Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma species

Mycoplasma is a member of the Mollicutes class (mollis, soft; cutis, skin) and the Mycoplasmatales order. This order is divided into four families: Mycoplasmataceae Acholeplasmataceae Spiroplasmataceae Anaplasmataceae. The majority of mycoplasmas that cause human infections…

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Alkaline Peptone Water : Principle, Composition and Cultural …

Clinical materials containing a small number of Vibrio should be inoculated into an enrichment medium before plating onto a selective medium, such as TCBS Agar. Alkaline Peptone Water is an excellent enrichment broth for Vibrio…

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Guidelines to send specimens for histopathology

Different kinds of specimens can be used at the histopathology laboratory for investigations. Some of the common examples are: Trabeculectomy specimen removed after anti-glaucoma surgery Vitrectomy, membranectomy  removed  after vitrectomy procedures Lens removed after cataract…

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